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常用外科医学英语词汇中英文对照
作者:    发布:2012年10月29日
  

医学词汇中英文对照.doc

病名        Name of Disease            手术名             Name of Procedure
基本外科       General Surgery
结节性甲状腺肿 nodular goiter          次全甲状腺切除术   subtotal thyroidectomy
甲状腺腺瘤     thyroid adenoma         甲状腺部分切除术   partial thyroidectomy
甲状腺腺瘤     thyroid adenoma         甲状腺腺瘤切除术   excision of adenoma
甲亢           hyperthyroidism         甲状腺切除术       thyroidectomy
甲旁亢         hyperparathyroidism     甲状旁腺切除术     parathyroidectomy
腹股沟斜疝   inguinal hernia, indirect 疝修补术           herniorrhaphy
腹股沟直疝     inguinal hernia, direct 疝修补术           herniorrhaphy
甲状腺癌       thyroid carcinoma       甲状腺根治术       radical thyroidectomy
肝肿物         hepatic tumor           切除术             Tumor resection
肝癌           Hepatic cancer          根治术             liver resection
肝癌           Hepatic cancer          肝叶切除术         segmentectomy, lobectomy
肝转移瘤   metastasized tumor in liver 肿瘤切除术 T       umor resection
肝血管瘤       hepatic hemangioma      切除术             hemangioma resection
肝囊肿         hepatic cyst            腹腔镜下开窗术     laparoscopic fenestration
胰腺癌         pancreatic carcinoma    Whipple术          whipple's procedure 
             (cholecystectomy,duodenectomy, pancreatectomy, lymphnectomy, enterostomy)
脾大/脾亢   splenomegaly/hypersplenism 脾切除术           splenectomy
胰岛素瘤       insulinoma              胰岛素瘤切除术     excision of insulinoma
胆石症         cholelithiasis          腹腔镜胆囊切除术   laparoscopic cholecystectomy
胆囊息肉       cholecystic polyp       腹腔镜胆囊切除术   laparoscopic cholecystectomy
胆管囊肿       cyst of bile duct       胆管肠造瘘术       cholangio-enterostomy
胆囊癌         cholecystic carcinoma   胆囊癌根治术       radical cholecystectomy
结/直肠癌      colon/rectal cancer     经腹切除           anterior resection
结/直肠癌      colon/rectal cancer     经腹会阴联合切除   abdominal-perineal resection
结肠癌         colon cancer            结肠癌根治术 radical colectomy, hemi-colectomy, etc.
小肠癌         intestinal cancer       剖腹探查           exploratory laparotomy
腹膜后肿物     retroperitoneal tumor   探查切除           exploration & excision
乳腺结节       breast nodules          活检术             biopsy
乳腺结节       breast nodules          肿块切除术         lumpectomy
乳腺癌         breast cancer           乳腺癌改良根治术   modified radical mastectomy
乳腺癌         breast cancer           乳腺切除术         mastectomy
胃癌           stomach cancer          根治性胃切除术     radical gastrectomy
门脉高压       portal hypertension     门腔分流术 (Transjugular Intrahepatic)     Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)
腹水           ascites                 腹腔镜探查术       diagnostic laparoscopy
阑尾炎         appendicitis            阑尾切除术         appendectomy



耳鼻喉与口腔科 Otorhinolaryngology and Stomatology
腮腺肿物 parotid tumor 切除术 excision of …
双侧颌下肿物 bilateral submandibular mass 切除术 excision
鼻息肉 nasal polyp 切除术 excision
鼻窦炎 nasosinusitis 功能性内镜鼻窦手术 functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)
上颌窦炎 maxillary sinusitis 功能性内镜鼻窦手术 functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS)
声带肿物 polyp of vocal cord 支撑喉镜下切除术 excision under suspension laryngoscopy
喉肿物 laryngeal mass 支撑喉镜下切除术 excision under suspension laryngoscopy
鼻中隔偏曲 deviation of nasal septum 矫正术 septalplasty
中耳炎 otitis media 鼓室成形术 tympanoplasty
喉癌 laryngocarcinoma 喉癌根治术 radical laryngectomy
喉癌 laryngocarcinoma 颈淋巴结廓清 cervical dissection and lymphadenectomy
扁桃体周围脓肿 peritonsillar abscess 脓肿引流 incision and drainage (I & D)
腺鳞癌 adenosquamous carcinoma 根治术、植皮 radial procedure & skin graft


血管外科 Vascular Surgery
升/胸/腹主动脉瘤 ascending/thoracic/abdominal aortic aneurysm 动脉瘤切除术 aneurysm resection
升/胸/腹主动脉瘤 ascending/thoracic/abdominal aortic aneurysm 人工血管植入术 aneurysm repair (open)
主动脉夹层 aortic dissection (dissecting aneurysm) 修补术(支架术) aneurysm repair (endovascular, stent graft)
主动脉夹层 aortic dissection (dissecting aneurysm) 主动脉弓置换术 aortic arch replacement
下肢静脉曲张 lower extremity varicosity 结扎剥脱术 ligation and excision
血栓栓塞 thromboembolism 取栓术 thrombectomy
腘动脉血栓症 thrombosis of the popliteal artery 股-腘动脉人工血管旁路术 femoral-popliteal bypass, using … graft
股动脉血栓症 thrombosis of the femoral artery 股-股动脉旁路术 femoral-femoral bypass, using … graft
球囊扩张支架植入 balloon dilation and stent graft



心胸外科 Cardiothoracic surgery
冠心病 coronary artery disease (CAD) 体外循环下冠脉旁路移植术 coronary artery bypass graft under cardiac pulmonary bypass
冠心病 coronary artery disease (CAD) 不停跳冠脉旁路移植术 off-pump coronary artery bypass graft
二尖瓣脱垂 mitral valve prolapse 瓣膜成形术 valvuloplasty
主动脉瓣/肺动脉瓣狭窄 aortic/pulmonary stenosis 瓣膜切开术 valvulotomy
二尖瓣/三尖瓣关闭不全 mitral/tricuspid insufficiency 人工瓣膜置换术 valve replacement
心房粘液瘤 atrial myxoma 粘液瘤切除术 excision of myxoma
心包积液 pericardial effusion 心包切除术 pericardial excision
缩窄性心包炎 constrictive pericarditis 心包切除术 pericardial excision
心脏填塞 cardiac tamponade 心包切开术 pericardial window
扩张型心肌病 dilated cardiomyopathy 心脏移植 heart transplant
肥厚型心肌病 hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 心脏移植 heart transplant
心肺联合移植 heart lung transplant
心房血栓 atrial thrombus 血栓切除术 thrombectomy
肺癌 lung cancer 单肺切除术 pneumonectomy
肺癌 lung cancer 肺叶切除术 lobectomy
肺部肿物或结节 lung mass or nodule 开胸活检术 thoracotomy and biopsy
肺部肿物或结节 lung mass or nodule VATS术 VATS video-assisted thoroscopic surgery
肺泡蛋白沉积症 pulmonary alveolar proteinosis 肺泡灌洗 alveolar lavage
纵隔肿物 mediastinal mass 纵隔镜 mediastinoscopy
纵隔肿物 mediastinal mass 开胸切除术 mediastinotomy and excision
食道癌 esophageal carcinoma 食道癌根治术 radical procedure
食道癌 esophageal carcinoma 食道切除术 esophagectomy
食道癌 esophageal carcinoma 胃食管吻合 esophagogastrostomy
胸腺瘤 thymoma 胸腺瘤切除术 thymomectomy
神经纤维瘤 neurofibroma 神经纤维瘤切除术 neurofibroma excision



骨科 Orthropediac surgery
脊柱侧弯 scoliosis 矫正内固定术 correction and internal fixation
脊柱前突 lordosis 矫正内固定术 correction and internal fixation
脊柱后突 kyphosis 矫正内固定术 correction and internal fixation
颈椎病 cervical spondylopathy 前路减压,内固定,植骨融合术 anterior decompression, internal fixation, bone graft and fusion
颈椎病 cervical spondylopathy 后路减压,内固定,植骨融合术 posterior decompression, internal fixation, bone graft and fusion
椎间盘突出症 prolapsed intervertebral disc (disc herniation) 椎间盘切除术,减压,植骨融合 diskectomy, bone graft and fusion
腰椎管狭窄 lumbar spinal stenosis 减压内固定 decompression, internal fixation
坐骨神经痛 sciatica 椎板切除术,减压,内固定 laminectomy, decompression and internal fixation
脊索瘤 notochordoma 切除术 excision
强直性脊柱炎 ankylosing spondylitis 脊柱融合术 vertebral fusion
双膝骨关节炎 osteoarthritis of bilateral knee joints 人工膝关节置换术 artificial knee replacement
膝类风湿关节炎 rheumatoid arthritis of the knee joint 人工膝关节置换术 artificial knee replacement
膝类风湿关节炎 rheumatoid arthritis of the knee joint 关节镜检查 arthroscopy
膝类风湿关节炎 rheumatoid arthritis of the knee joint 关节腔清理 trimming of the joint cavity
前/后交叉韧带断裂 ruptured (anterior, posterior) crusade ligament 交叉韧带重建术 crusade ligament reconstruction
股骨颈骨折 femoral neck fracture 股骨头置换术 femoral head replacement
髋骨关节炎 osteoarthritis of the hip joint 人工髋关节置换术 artificial hip joint replacement



妇产科 Ob-Gyn
腹腔妊娠 abdominal pregnancy 输卵管切开术(造口术) salpingostomy
宫外孕 extrauterine pregancy 输卵管切开术(造口术) salpingostomy
异位妊娠 ectopic pregnancy 输卵管切开术(造口术) salpingostomy
早期妊娠 early pregnancy 流产 abortion
人工流产 induced abortion
吸引流产 suction abortion
功能性子宫出血 functional uterine bleeding 刮宫 (D&C Dilation and Curretage)
妊高征 pregancy-induced hypertension(PIH) 终止妊娠 termination of pregnancy
宫内孕 intrauterine pregnancy 剖宫产 Cesarean section
宫颈上皮内瘤变 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, CIN 锥切术 cone resection of the cervix
子宫腺肌症 adenomyosis 经腹子宫切除术 TAH (transabdominal hysterectomy)
绒癌 choriocarcinoma 肿瘤细胞减灭术 cytoreductive surgery
子宫内膜癌 endometrial carcinoma 肿瘤细胞减灭术 debulking(肿瘤大块切除,肿瘤细胞减灭术用
cytoreductive surgery)
子宫内膜异位症 endometriosis 经腹子宫切除术 TAH (transabdominal hysterectomy)
卵巢囊肿 ovarian cyst 囊肿切除术 cystectomy
卵巢囊肿 ovarian cyst 卵巢切除术 oophorectomy
卵巢巧克力囊肿 ovarian chocolate cyst 腹腔镜检查 laparoscopy
输卵管切除术 salpingectomy
不孕症 infertility 腹腔镜与宫腔镜检查 diagnostic laparoscopy and hysteroscopy
不孕症 infertility 输卵管通液 hydrotubation(dye test)
子宫脱垂 Uterine prolapse 经阴道子宫切除术 TVH(trans vaginal hysterectomy)
张力性尿失禁 stress urinary incontinence 经闭孔悬吊 TOT(transobturator tape)
阴道畸形 deformity of vagina 阴道再造术 reconstruction of vagina
子宫肌瘤 myoma of uterus 子宫肌瘤切除术 myomectomy
子宫肌瘤 myoma of uterus 全宫双附件切除术 hysterectomy and bilateral salpingoophorectomy
膀胱膨出 cystocele 阴道前壁修补术 anterior colporrhaphy
尿道膨出 urethrocele 阴道后壁修补术 posterior colporrhaphy
阴道修补 repair of vaginal wall
成熟畸胎瘤 mature teratoma 开腹切除术 abdominal excision
卵巢癌 ovarian cancer 卵巢癌根治术 salpingoophorectomy with lymphadenectomy



泌尿外科 Urology
肾癌 renal cell carcinoma 肾癌根治术 radical nephrectomy
膀胱息肉 polyp of the bladder 膀胱镜检查 cystoscopy
膀胱癌 bladder cancer 经尿道膀胱肿瘤烧切术 transurethral resection of bladder tumor(TURBT)
膀胱癌 bladder cancer 根治性膀胱切除术 radical cystectomy
膀胱癌 bladder cancer 膀胱全切除术 total cystectomy
膀胱癌 bladder cancer 部份膀胱切除术 partial cystectomy
良性前列腺增生症 benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH) 经尿道前列腺切除术 transurethral resection of prostate(TURP)
肾积水 hydronephrosis 肾切除术 nephrectomy
尿道中断 disrupted urethra 耻骨上膀胱造瘘术 suprapubic cystostomy
肾结石 nephrolithiasis 肾切开取石术 nephrolithotomy
输尿管结石 ureterolithiasis 输尿管切开取石术 ureterolithotomy
肾囊肿 renal cyst 部份肾脏切除术 partial nephrectomy
肾囊肿 renal cyst 肾囊肿去顶术 unroofing of renal cyst
肾肿瘤 tumor of kidney 同种异体肾移植术 allograft renal transplantation
皮质醇增多症,库欣综合症 hyperadrenocorticism,Cushing's syndrome 肾上腺嗜铬细胞瘤 pheochromocytoma of adrenal
原发性醛固酮增多症 primary aldosteronism 肾上腺切除术 adrenalectomy
包皮过长 excessive foreskin 包皮环切术 circumcision
精索静脉曲张 varicocele 精索静脉曲张结扎 ligation of ISV



眼科 Ophthalmology
白内障 cataract 人工晶体植入 intraocular lens implantation
斜视 strabismus 斜视矫正术 squint correction
玻璃体出血 hemorrhage of vitreous body 玻璃体切除术 vitrectomy
视网膜脱离 detachment of retina 眼球摘除术 enucleation



神经外科 Neurosurgery
星行细胞瘤 astrocytoma 颅内肿瘤切除术 excision of intracranial tumor
胶质母细胞瘤 glioblastoma 颅内肿瘤切除术 excision of intracranial tumor
脑膜瘤 meningioma 颅内肿瘤切除术 excision of intracranial tumor
听神经瘤 acoustic neuroma 颅内肿瘤切除术 excision of intracranial tumor
颅咽管瘤 craniopharyngioma 颅内肿瘤切除术 excision of intracranial tumor
垂体腺瘤 pituitary adenoma 经蝶窦垂体肿瘤切除术 transsphenoidal hypophysectomy
颅骨骨折 skull fracture
颅底骨折 skull base fracture
脑脊液漏 cerebrospinal fluid leak 脑脊液瘘修补术 repair of cerebrospinal fluid fistula
脑脊液鼻漏 cerebrospinal rhinorrhea 脑脊液瘘修补术 repair of cerebrospinal fluid fistula
硬膜外血肿 extradural hematoma 钻孔引流 Burr hole
硬膜下血肿 subdural hematoma 颅内血肿清除术 intracranial hematoma evacuation
癫痫 epilepsy 颞叶切除术 temporal lobectomy
脑室内出血 intraventricular hemorrhage 脑室引流 ventriculostomy
颅内动脉瘤 intracranial aneurysm 切除术 clipping of intracranial aneurysm
脑动静脉畸形 arteriovenous malformation 切除术 resection
颅内压增高 increased ICP 脑脊液分流术 ventricular (peritoneal, atrial) shunt
脑疝 brain herniation 开颅减压术 craniotomy and decompression
脊柱裂 spinal bifida 修补术 repair
脊髓空洞症 syringomyelia
髓内肿瘤 intramedullary tumor 切除术 resection